What is CBG (cannabigerol)

CBG, a cannabinoid that’s similar to CBD, is making headlines in the wellness sector. CBG edibles are derived from the mother of cannabinoids and can boost your energy, increase productivity, relieve stress — but not the high associated THC.

CBG has many health benefits and could be used to treat a variety of mental and physical ailments.

There’s no doubt CBD is a popular topic in health and wellbeing, but CBG is a new cannabinoid that’s making an impact on the scene.

It’s technically not new, so we call it a “new cannabinoid”. CBG is still a relatively new cannabinoid, and is making waves in cannabis product marketing. CBG however is considered to be a minor compound with great potential.

This comprehensive guide will explain the latest cannabinoid. We’ll discuss what CBG oil is good for and what it does not.

What does CBG stand for?

CBG stands for cannabigerol.

The cannabis sativa plant is a natural source for over 100 phytochemicals collectively known as cannabinoids. To date, most medicinal research focuses primarily on the most abundant cannabinoids, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), which have both shown incredible, natural health benefits in mammals.

CBDa (cannabigerol acetate) is the acidic form. It is the parent molecule of other cannabinoids. CBDa transforms into THCa or CBDa, which are the unprocessed, raw forms of THCa or CBD.

Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes the carboxylic acids from cannabinoid molecules. It transforms THCa, CBGa and CBDa into THC, CBD and CBG.

This article will discuss CBG’s therapeutic properties, compare it to CBD, and how you can get the most from your CBG supplementation.

What is CBG?

CBG is the abreiation of cannabigerol, a cannabinoid that can be found in hemp and marihuana.

All cannabis plants produce CBG. How each plant processes CBG is what makes hemp different from marijuana.

Marijuana plants produce more enzymes to convert CBG into THC than hemp, while hemp has more enzymes to convert CBG into CBD.

All cannabinoids are made from CBG’s acidic form cannabigerolic (CBGA).

CBG is not psychoactive and has some similarities to CBD or THC because of its interaction with cannabinoid hormone receptors.

Although it won’t make you high, it can have a mild cognitive effect similar with delta 8 THC. It may make you more focused and in tune with what you are doing without stimulating your brain too much.

CBG is the latest trend in productivity and concentration among neurohackers, biohackers and other health-conscious users.

Cannabinoids are produced by hemp.

It is amazing that cannabis plants can produce so many compounds that interact to the human Endocannabinoid System. But why?

Cannabinoids are believed to protect cannabis plants from harsh weather conditions and the sun’s UV radiation. Cannabinoids are also believed to be produced by cannabis plants to protect them from pests. Many cannabinoids possess both antibacterial as well antifungal properties.

The flowering of hemp plants begins to produce crystal-like molecules known as cannabinoids. CBGa appears around the 34-week mark in the flowering phase. The CBGa molecule is transformed into THCa, CBGa or CBCa when the plant is exposed the ultraviolet radiation of the sun. This is how the CBG cannabinoid gets its name as the parent molecule.

Farmers need to harvest hemp crops before other cannabinoids transform into it. This will allow them to produce more CBG. This harvest will not have the same levels of CBD and THC as those from the later flowering phases.

Is CBG Psychoactive?

CBG is not intoxicating so it won’t get your high.

This may seem disappointing to some, but it allows CBG to be used more widely, which helps cannabis break into mainstream media.

CBG can be taken during school or work to get mental benefits.

How is CBG extracted?

CBG is not a major cannabinoid. The CBG content in cannabis plants that are ready for harvest is usually around 1%. This is a small amount when compared to the THC and CBD found in marijuana or hemp.

Creative manufacturers have come up with a way to extract large amounts of CBG from cannabis biomass without having to use a lot of it.

CBG is extracted from hemp or young marijuana plants before the enzymes convert it into other cannabinoids.

Recent advances in genetic engineering have allowed scientists to increase the production of CBG naturally. This makes it easier to extract consumable CBG extracts.

What does CBG do for your body?

CBG interacts with the endocannabinoid (ECS) just like other cannabinoids. The system is made up of two types CB1-CB2 receptors, which are endocannabinoids and metabolic enzymes.

The ECS is a system that promotes and maintains homeostasis in the entire body. Except for certain forms of marine life, all organisms have an endocannabinoid systems — not just humans.

Next, let’s talk about the cannabinoid receptors.

CB1 receptors can be found in the central and peripheral nervous systems, where they interact with the brain’s neurotransmitters. CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are mostly located in the immune system and in organs.

CBG can bind to both types, but not activate them. This makes CBG functionally different than THC, which binds to and activates them, or CBD, which doesn’t directly bind with either of these receptors.

Is CBG natural?

CBG is a natural compound that forms in the cannabis plant’s early stages. The process of extracting CBG from cannabis plants can cause confusion about its natural status.

CBG is found in cannabis in very low amounts. CBG producers employ advanced extraction techniques, often involving CO2 and ethanol to extract large quantities of CBG from marijuana or hemp.

Is CBG Legal?

CBG is legal but it’s not clear what its status is.

CBD oil derived from hemp is subject to the same laws that CBD. It is legal in Europ as long as it is extracted from hemp plants that have less 0.2% THC. However, CBD regulations regarding sales and purchases may differ from one country to another and could change in the future. We encourage you to be involved and to actively comply with your local laws in order to remain informed.

We are only beginning to understand CBG’s benefits so it can be difficult to source CBG oil focused products.

What is the difference between CBG and CBD?

It’s not surprising that cannabigerol, the precursor molecule of cannabidiol has many similarities between these cannabinoids.

There are two main differences between these compounds:

  • There are more CBD products on the market than CBG.
  • CBG can be produced from earlier flowering hemp plants
  • CBD acts as an appetite stimulator, while CBG works as an inhibitor.

CBD and CBG are very similar . Both molecules are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and have a similar chemical structure.

There are however significant biological differences among the two compounds.

Here are the facts.

1. CBG vs. CBD – Effects & Benefits

CBG and CBD interact with the ECS in different ways. CBG interacts directly with CB1 & CB2 receptors. CBD does not.

This in turn provides CBG or CBD with different pharmacological properties.

However, there are some similarities. CBD and CBG users report similar effects. CBD and CBG users say that CBD and CBG help them manage stress and anxiety.

CBD is more suggested for pain and inflammation. CBG, however, works better to increase your focus and attention span.

2. CBG vs. CBD: Medical Research

CBD has been shown to have more medical benefits than CBG.

Many studies have highlighted CBD as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant that can be used for a variety of conditions including chronic pain, anxiety, depression, addiction, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and neurodegeneration.

Although research on CBG is limited, the latest findings suggest that it could be helpful with:

  • Appetite loss
  • Bacterial infections
  • Bladder dysfunctions
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

Although the list above looks promising, studies have not shown any benefits. To fully understand the effects of CBG on our health, more research is required.

3. CBG vs. CBD – What’s the difference?

This is the most significant difference between CBD and CBG. CBD is produced from around 20% less plant matter than CBG. This makes CBD prices lower.

CBG’s popularity won’t be equaled until there is a breakthrough in CBG production techniques.

What is CBG good for?

CBG is a cannabinoid and benefits the body’s endocrinoid system (ECS). The name “cannabinoid” in the ECS refers to this compound. It was discovered in 1992 through research into how active compounds in cannabis interact in our bodies.

These plant-made cannabinoids act in a similar way to internal cannabinoids. They relay messages to the ECS. The ECS acts as a modulator of our immune and nervous systems. It also affects nearly all of the organs [ 3].

This is why THC, CBD and CBG have so many effects. CBG, as we have briefly stated, is the parent molecular to THC and CBD. CBG’s significance was once solely tied to its conversion into these compounds. However, researchers have now highlighted CBG’s unique properties and interactions within the endocannabinoid systems.

7 CBG Benefits According To Recent Studies

CBG is gaining more attention as cannabis research continues to progress. CBG research is still in the early stages and there are still many unknowns about its benefits and possible side effects.

We have gathered the best research on CBG, the mother of all phytocannabinoids. These findings provide insight into the uses of CBG and open up possibilities for future research on CBG oil’s benefits.

1. CBG may help to support Focus

CBG is often associated with heightened alertness and focus. CBG is a neuroprotectant, and this could be one reason. CBG supports healthy inflammation and may even support neurogenesis, which is the growth of new brain cells. This could lead to greater focus and attention.

2. CBG may support a healthy appetite

Marijuana, a cannabis plant rich in THC, has been comraded with the munchies. This appetite-stimulating property seems to be shared by CBG and THC. Certain people can induce appetite to help them get enough nutrients.

The most common reason for marijuana munchies is overindulgence in junk food. There are some cases where an increase in appetite can be beneficial. For example, if someone is experiencing a lack in appetite.

CBG increased the appetite of rats in a study [ 2].

3. CBG may support a normal stress response

People turn to CBD-derived hemp oil for many reasons, including to improve their mental health. CBG might be better than CBD to support normal stress responses.

CBG and CBD both inhibit the breakdown of the neurotransmitter GABA. Higher levels of GABA could have powerful relaxation effects which help regulate stress response [ 3].

CBG can also be used to help with stress management. CBG is a powerful 5-HT1A serotonin antagonist [ 4]. CBG may inhibit serotonin uptake. This means that a higher level of this neurotransmitter in the brain could help support mood [ 5].

4. CBG may help support eye health

Eye tissues contain a high level of cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid systems may play an important role in maintaining good eye health.

Low levels of eye pressure ( or ocular hypertension), can cause poor blood flow to optic nerves and affect vision. Research has shown that CBG and cannabinoids may be able to regulate an healthy intraocular pressure [ 6].

5. CBG may support a normal inflammatory response

CBD is most well-known for its ability to support a healthy immune system. However, CBG has been shown to have effects on specific inflammatory channels in mice that are related to the inflammatory response [ 7].

Recent research has shown that CBG reduced the effects of significant inflammatory markers such as IL-1 and IL-10.

Study concluded that CBG supported normal inflammation.

6. CBG Shows Promise To Support Healthy Metabolic Process

CBG’s ability to reduce fat storage is supported by a study published in 2019.. Particularly, the adipocyte tissues are closely linked to obesity [ 8].

Although this study was done using computer simulations, its positive results help to move this research into animal studies on CBG or fat metabolism that will be needed to support this benefit.

7. CBG may help to support comfort

People seek hemp-based products to alleviate discomfort naturally.

CBG has been shown to have more pain-inducing effects than THC. It is also a better GABA Reuptake Inhibitor than both CBD and THC [ 9]. GABA is also a muscle relaxant. We’ve already touched briefly on its effects on stress response.

What are the Side Effects of CBG?

We now have a better idea of the question “What does CBG do?” It is important to consider potential side effects.

CBG has not been tested in sufficient clinical trials to assess its potential side effects in humans. CBG, unlike other cannabinoids has a very low level of toxicity , and is generally well-tolerated. CBG had no adverse effects in clinical trials on rats.

How to Increase the CBG’s Effects

You can add CBG to your daily routine to reap the cognitive benefits. Here are some other ways to improve its effectiveness.

1. Only use CBG when you absolutely need it

CBG should only be used when absolutely necessary. CBG can bind to CB1 receptors over time, which can make the effects less noticeable.

You can save CBG to use when you are going through the most difficult mental activities or entering a very intense period at work.

2. Develop good lifestyle habits

The second most important aspect of maximizing the benefits of CBG is to include other productivity-enhancing habits into your daily life. You can improve your mental clarity by getting enough sleep, eating healthy food, and moving regularly.

You can be as productive and challenging as possible. CBG will make you more productive than you would otherwise be.

3. Introduce Stress-Reduction Practices

If you want to maintain your mental health, stress management is essential. Journaling, mindfulness, meditation, and daily journaling are all great ways to reduce stress levels and increase cognitive function. Journaling is especially helpful if you are a thinker and struggle with racing thoughts.

Final Thoughts: What exactly is CBG?

CBG, one of the supporting cannabinoids found in cannabis and hemp in small quantities, is known as “CBG”. Although it has the same effects as CBD, CBG is better at boosting focus, cognition and productivity.

CBG products can be harder to spot than CBD supplements because of the above difficulties in production. CBG requires approximately 20x more plant matter than CBD. This makes it difficult to produce small quantities of CBG extracts.

Although there are promising advances in extraction methods, there is still much to do if we want CBG products as easily accessible as other cannabinoids.

CBG can be an excellent supplement to help you stay in your zone and do more things around you, but it doesn’t work miracles or save you money.